Literary Images of the City in Lia Sturua's Poetry

Lia Sturua is one of the most prominent poets of the twentieth century. At all stages of her work, interest in urban space is evident; In this article, we will analyze the works by Lia Sturua and explore the forms and images the urban space is presented by, the issues related to this pro-cess and the features that distinguish them.

Keywords: urban space, Lia Sturua, literary images


Nikoloz Baratashvili’s Less Studied Official Letters

The letters of Nikoloz Baratashvili provide the reliable material to contribute to the private life, works and worldview of the writer.  These letters are divided into official letters written to friends and relatives regarding private and work responsibilities. Only the letters of the personal content have been the objects of the researchers’ observations until now. However, as it has been revealed, the official letters as well unmask the numerous interesting details, that have been unknown until nowadays.

Keywords: Nikoloz Baratashvili, official letters, epistle


Climate Symbolism in T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land [1]

As the year 2022 marks the 100th anniversary since the publication of T.S. Eliot's “The Waste Land”, numerous international academic events have been dedicated to the poem and its publication history. The article explores Eliot's poem in the scope of its modern reinterpretation from an ecocritical lens. The symbolic poetics related to the climate references in the text is analyzed from a novel perspective and its symbolism is emphasised as one of the structural elements of the modernist poetry.

Keywords: T.S. Eliot, modernism, The Waste Land, ecocriticism


Oğuz Atay’s s Novel “The Disconnected” from Habitus Perspective

In the presented article  a  novel by  20th century distinguishingly interesting Turkish writer - Oğuz Atay - “The Disconnected” is considered in the context of the concept of the habitus developed by the French sociologist -  Pierre Bourdieu. The aim of the article is to answer the following questions on the basis of observing the protagonists of the novel:

a) What kind of fields and habitus does the reader find in the novel?

b) Does the habitus, formed under the influence of the objective social environment and supported by preconceived schemes, change as a result of the new schemes included in it by the individual?

Keywords: Turkish literature, Oğuz Atay’s s novel “The Disconnected”, Pierre Bourdieu, the conception of the habitus


Images of Orthodox Mothers according to the Shatberdian and Chelishian Editions of the life of St. Nino

This work discusses the contribution of the orthodox mothers to the process of Christianization of Kartli. The issue is studied with the consideration of the Shatberdian-Chelishian editions of “The Conversion of Kartli.”  The detailed analysis of the women’s images, their words and contributions presented in the work make it clear that St. Nino managed to fulfill her mission and convert Kartli with the help of dedicated Mothers.

Keywords: “Conversion of Kartli”, St. Nino, orthodox mothers


The Problem of The Statues

The article discusses one of W. B.Yeats's most complex and controversial poems,  “The Statues”, which is written several months before the poet’s death. The work provides an insight into the structure of the poem, its main theme and mages, as well as conflicting critical ideas and problems of the interpretation.

Keywords: Yeats, Statues, Pythagoras


The Syntactic Function of Peculiar Forms with -დ (-d) Formant and the Issue of Formal Agreement (Based on the K14 Manuscript)

In the ancient Georgian, a noun had a –t suffix plural form in ergative, dative and genitive cases. Sometimes, the –t suffix plural form was also used in instrumental and adverbial cases. At a certain stage of the development of the language, nouns with the suffix -ta (-თა) were formed with the marker -d(a) (-დ(ა)). As a result, we got such forms: გონიერთადა (goniertada), საუნჯეთად (saunjetad), სხეულთად (sχeultad)... The article discusses similar R-ta-d(a) (R-თა-დ(ა)) structure forms. It also attempts to determine the reasons for their formation.[1]

[1] This research № PHDF-21-5365 has been supported by Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation of Georgia (SRNSFG).

Keywords: syntagma, formal agreement, K14 manuscript


Biblical Hymns in Ancient Greek and Georgian Versions of The Great Canon of St. Andrew of Crete [1]

At the early stage of the development of the Typikon,  the Great Canon of Repentance by St. Andrew of Crete was completed with the Biblical Hymns. In the presented article the relation of the Biblical Hymns preserved in the unstudied K-79 manuscript is compared with the other Georgian versions of the hymns. The Georgian versions are compared with the variants preserved in the Old Greek Source (Sinai Graecus 734-735).

Keywords: The Great Canon, Biblical hymns, editorial affiliation


Translations of the Studies of Evagrius Ponticus Made by Euthymius the Hagiorite [1]

This paper identifies and discusses the translations authored by Evagrius Ponticus (IV century) and translated by Euthymius the Hagiorite. Monk Evagrius, a famous Origenist, excommunicated by the Fifth World Church Council (553), is the author of many ascetic works in Greek. Many of his works were spread over time under the names of other church writers, and the original versions of some were completely lost. The following works were preserved only in translations. Exhortations by Evagrius Ponticus became known in the Georgian language as extracts quite early (in the pre-Athonic period), although, as it turns out, many of his writings were also translated disguised by Euthymius the Hagiorite but under the name of St. Basil the Great and Maximus the Confessor.

Keywords: Evagrius Ponticus, Euthymius the Hagiorite, Basil the Great, Maximus the Confessor