Discourse of Socialist Realism and Some Peculiarities of Georgian Soviet Literature

 It is impossible to create a complete history of Georgian literature without in-depth, free of prejudice and unbiased study of Georgian Soviet literature from the vantage point of today. This paper deals with some peculiarities of Georgian literature of socialist realism: its attitude to life, traditions and "socialist realist happy ending".

Keywords: socialist realism, literature, ideology, happy ending.


Poetics of Grigol Robakidze’s Novels

This paper is the first attempt to define the poetics of Grigol Robakidze. The viewpoint that Robakidze's novels have established themselves as a new type of modernist novel, namely ontological novel has been discussed.

Keywords: poetics, ontological novel, mythos, tropology.


Structural and Compositional Organization of Plato’s Sophist

This paper deals with the issues of structural and compositional organization of Plato's Sophist. The method of structural analysis has been tried out in the study of this dialogue and its separate episodes. The obtained structures and their characteristics are presened.

Keywords: Plato, Sophist, structure, composition, dialogues.


For the Typology of Galaktion’s Symbolist and Novalis’ Romantic Poetry

The given paper discusses the major tropologic concepts of Galaktion's and Novalis' (the most prominent representative of German Romanticism) poetry. Their conceptual closeness, as well as their peculiarities and differences are singled out and revealed.

Keywords: Galaktion, Novalis, symbol, tropology, typology


Reality and Literary Fiction (Otar Chkheidze’s “Artistic Revolution”)

The given paper deals with the representation of civil and ethnic conflicts of post-Soviet Georgia in the literary texts (on the example of Otar Chkheidze's "Artistic Revolution"). It presents the author's relation to the parties, which take part in the civil confrontation and studies the problem of relationship between the literary fiction and reality.


Keywords: :“Artistic revolution”, literary fiction, post-Soviet Georgia, reality, Zviad Gamsakhurdia


Aristotle on Homeric Innovation and Book 9 of the “Iliad”: Oral and Written Stages of Enlargement

The present paper discusses Aristotle's "Poetics" in the light of one significant aspect of the Homeric innovation. Taking into account the given source and modern Homeric conceptions, the author of the paper classifies  the distinguishing criteria of the oral and written stages, which supposedly existed within the perennial process of the formation of the "Iliad". By way of illustration of the above-mentioned Book 9 of the "Iliad" is analyzed.

Keywords: Aristotle’s “Poetics”, Homer, Martin Mueller, oral and written stages of enlargement of the “Iliad”, enlargement of Book 9 of the “Iliad” by means of dialogic parts of the text


Perfidy as a Strategy in Jorge Luis Borges’ “A Universal History of Infamy”

The given paper deals with "A universal history of infamy" - one of the notable and early works of the Argentine writer and thinker Jorge Luis Borges. The main emphasis is put on the characters of the work and author's methods of depicting their personalities.

Keywords: Borges, perfidy, the literature of the Latin America


For the interpretation of Davit Guramishvili’s Prayer and Supplicate for Trinity

The article deals with the two verses of Davit Guramishvili ("Prayer, when Davit felt hungry during imprisonment and asked God for bread" and "The Supplication to Trinity: Asking to show the road to Davit") and their main point and essence, whose source is the Lord's Prayer "Our Father." By these verses the Christian World outline of the poet and his artistic abilities are fully shown.


Keywords: Prayer, “Our Father”, Liturgical consciousness, the poet’s life on foreign land, the aspiration to God


Modernist Lyrical Discourse and ‘Blue Horses’ by Galaktion Tabidze

The present paper aims to interpret the lyrical poem ‘Blue Horses' by Galaktion Tabidze in the context of modernist lyrical discourse. The author believes that by ‘Blue Horses' new modernist lyrical discourse was established in Georgian lyric. The author suggests that the publication year of the poem (1915) can be seen as a date when Georgian modernist lyric emerged.


Keywords: Galaktion Tabidze, ‘Blue Horses’, modernism, symbolism, images


On the issue of women writer’s identity in contemporary Turkish Literature

The article deals with the process of self-identification of women authors in the writing space of modern Turkish Literature. Several opinions of women authors are cited about their attitudes towards the concept "Women Literature". A special attention is drawn at the technique of women hysteria that serves as a strategy of destructing the patriarchal discourse.

Keywords: Women authors, Women stories, Hysteria, “Feminine Literature” and “Masculine Literature”, Excessive mimesis


The “Linguistic crisis” of Hofmannsthal in the context of Fridrich Nietzsche’s linguistic-semiotic vision

The article discusses Hugo von Hofmannsthal and his main work important for it artistic and aesthetic values - The Letter of Lord Chandos - its philosophical and theoretical foundations and its relation to the main provisions of Friedrich Nietzsche's linguistic views.

Keywords: “Linguistic crisis”, Philosophy, Poetry, Fragmentation, De-personalization


America in the 1930s and Aldous Huxley’s After Many a Summer Dies the Swan

The article deals with “After Many a Summer Dies the Swan”, the first of Aldous Huxley’s novels from his American years. It considers America seen by the writer as the best example of archetypal technocracy, which vividly manifests the influence of technological and scientific progress on human values.   

Keywords: Huxley, America, Technological, Death, Eternal


Basil the Great on “outer wisdom” and ethical-moral principles (According to Address to Young Men on the Right Use of Greek Literature)

The article examines the attitude of Basil the Great towards pagan culture, literature. Based on a detailed analysis of the possible sources of the text, inter textual relations of Plato and Plutarch has been detected. The attempt of the Holy Father of Caesarea is to adjust to each other antique and Christian value.

Keywords: “Outer Wisdom”, Basil of Caesarea, Christianity, Plato, Plutarch


“The Murder of Gonzago”, “Hamlet” and “Meta-Hamlet”

The article deals with the metadramatic relationship existing between Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” and the play “The Murder of Gonzago” staged within it. Both plays portray essentially the same reality, thus suggesting that our reality also bears similar essence. Therefore, the article introduces the conventional term “Meta-Hamlet”.

Keywords: Shakespeare, “Hamlet”, “The Murder of Gonzago”, “Meta-Hamlet”, Robert Sturua.


One Aspect of Irish Mythology in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake

James Joyce’s Novel Finnegans Wake causes much interest even nowadays. It is full of biblical, literary and mythological allusions. The article deals with the image of the main character - Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker, namely his connection with the Irish Mythology and he is shown as the High King of Ireland. 

Keywords: Irish Mythology, Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker, Finnegan, High King of Ireland.


Achilles’ Double ‘Greeting’ – “Iliad” 9.198/204

At 9.198 of the “Iliad”, Achilles greets, perhaps, only three ambassadors, or his friends, in the dual; however, at 9.204 the same greeting is repeated in the plural. In the process of interpretation of the issue several questions arose. In order to answer these questions, there is a need to reevaluate the whole embassy scene, but, again, from the Unitarian standpoint.

Keywords: the “Iliad”, the embassy, plurals with the duals, the changed formula, reconstructing a previous embassy.


Life as a Miracle in Jostein Gaarder’s Works

The article is with “The Orange Girl” a bestseller by a Norwegian writer Jostein Gaarder and deals with intertextuality in Jostein Gaarder’s works. The paper emphasizes the writer's extraordinary ability: lightly and even a little naively and what is more interestingly talk about the most difficult; “tempt” the reader into interaction with themselves as well as the text.

Keywords: Time, World, Retrospection, Regularity


Mutsali by Givi Margvelashvili: The Aesthetics of Post-modernism and the Problem of Deconstruction of the Classical Texts

Mutsali by Givi Margvelashvili one of the most interesting works in European post-modernism is a great example of how Georgian sources (Aluda Ketelauri by Vazha-Pshavela and Merani by Nikoloz Baratashvili) become interwoven in the western discourse. Hence, the deconstruction of the classical literary text, one of the most important characteristics of post-modern aesthetics, becomes apparent in Mutsali.

Keywords: Mutsali by Givi Margvelashvili, Aluda Ketelauri by Vazha-Pshavela, Merani by Nikoloz Baratashvili, Deconstruction of Texts, Postmodernism


The Issue of Interrelation of the Gedankenlyrik and the Philosophical Verse

The article explores the evolution of the concept of Gedankenlyrik and the central aspects of its development. The article analyses its interrelation with philosophical poetry, as well as the main characteristics of philosophical poetry.  

Keywords: Gedankenlyrik, Philosophical Poetry, Elegy, Reflexive Verse, Romanticism, Sentimental Poetry


Autofictional Narrative to rewrite the past Irakli Charkviani's Autonovel in Relation to Autofictional Prose

The given article studies the novel "Tranquil Swim" by Irakli Charkviani in relation to autofictional prose; it explores the forms of narratives used in this book and their functions. Te article also discusses autofiction as a phenomenon and different terms and issues related to it.

Keywords: Autofiction, narrative, autobiography, novel, fiction


The Theme of Encounter between East and West in the 20th Century Arabic Literature (1935-1966)

The present article aims to discuss the theme of encounter between East and West and the issue of cultural confrontation in the works of the outstanding writers of the 20th century (1935-1966) Arabic Literature, such as Taha Hussein, Yahya Haqqi, Suhayl Idris and Tayeb Salih.

Keywords: Arabic Literature, Encounter between East and West


Ezra Pound – Translator of Chinese Poetry

The article discusses translations by Ezra Pound, one of the most prominent figures of the 20th century literature and one of the founders of Modernism. Pound’s viewpoint on translation and his ways of achieving the translator’s intention are discussed at the example of his two verses translated from Chinese. The article mentions radically different opinions and controversy about his translations. 

Keywords: , Image; Imagism; Modernism, Translator’s intention, Vers libre


For the Artistic-Historical context of the Idea of “Union” in the Works of C. Montis

The paper makes an attempt to present the importance and the continuity of the idea of "union” in Costas Montis’ life and artistic work. The peculiarity of the research is the poet’s original style and manner of expression, which was maintained in the translations. At the same time, the attention is paid to the technic of the revival of historical peripeteias and the author's consideration regarding the necessity of reflection in the literature.

Keywords: Cyprus, freedom, history, revolution, the idea of the “union”


For the Understanding of Aghaza’s Literary Character in Vazha-Pshavela’s poem “Host and Guest”

    Aghaza is one of the outstanding characters of Vazha-Pshavela’s epic poetry. The Georgian literary studies presents opposite ideas regarding her. The paper makes an attempt to conceptualize  Aghaza’s literary character.

Keywords: For the Understanding of Aghaza’s Literary Character in Vazha-Pshavela’s poem “Host and Guest”


Identifying the Structural Symmetry of an Oral ‘Ur-Iliad’ through the Reconstruction of Agamemnon’s Earlier Embassies to Achilles

The article considers various notes and arguments that, in the author's opinion, are necessary for the reconstruction of previous versions (including the earliest one) of Agamemnon's embassy to Achilles which are considered as possible evidence for the identification of oral, the so-called recorded (i.e., fixed in writing), and written suppositional stages of the enlargement of “Iliad” 9; in this context, an attempt is made to determine the structural symmetry of a hypothetical oral ‘Ur-Iliad’.

Keywords: Homer, Agamemnon’s embassy, Oral-recorded-written, ‘Ur-Iliad’, Structural symmetry


The problem of Absurd in Literary Grotesque

"Absurd literature" has put different intonation into contemporary literary grotesque. It is the case when grotesque is merged not with satire but with absurdity. In this paper grotesque is regarded on the example of the 20-th century literature as a special means of artistic conventionality.

Keywords: literature, grotesque, absurd, 20th century


On the Interaction of Dialogue and Monologue

The study of the issues related to dialogue and monologue is one of the topical problems in contemporary literary criticism. Certain peculiarity is created by their interaction and alternation so that the boundaries between them disappear. This paper considers the mentioned question both from theoretical and practical viewpoints.

Keywords: dialogue, monologue, author-narrator, alter-ego.