Cultural and Trade Relations in Central Transcaucasia

The settlement and necropolis of Grakliani Hill are located in Georgia, on the territory of the village Igoeti and Samtavisi. The monuments found there belong to different periods: 1.Paleolith; 2.Eneolite; 3.Early Bronze Age; 4.Late Bronze-Early Iron Age; 5.Age of Developed Iron (8-7 centuries BC; 6. 6th century BC; 7.5th-4th centuries BC; 8. 4th-3rd centuries BC; 9. 3rd-2nd centuries; 10. 2nd - 1st  centuries BC.

Keywords: settlement, necropolis, altars, Mesopotamian, Achaemenid type.


The problem of Absurd in Literary Grotesque

"Absurd literature" has put different intonation into contemporary literary grotesque. It is the case when grotesque is merged not with satire but with absurdity. In this paper grotesque is regarded on the example of the 20-th century literature as a special means of artistic conventionality.

Keywords: literature, grotesque, absurd, 20th century


Tbilisi Dialect (history and the present)

This paper deals with speech peculiarities of the Georgian capital city (Tbilisi). It is noted that the question of treating the Tbilisi speech in its totality as one Tbilisi dialect or capital's social strata (social dialects) has not yet been thought about. This paper aims at giving special qualification to urban speech.

Keywords: social dialect, strata, low speech, language identity, spoken language.


Adyghe Variants of the Amirani Epic

The epic of "Amirani" known from the name of the enchained giant is presented in the Adyghe folklore only as an episode. Amongst similar legends rendered by the North Caucasian people the closest in plot structure are Kabardian variants which are comparatively more extensive. In the Adyghe folklore from the "Amiraniani" only the motif of enchaining to the rock is preserved. The name of the hero, the reason for punishment and many other important episodes are unknown.

Keywords: Amirani, epic, Adyghe, Elbrus, giant.


Problem of Expression of Plural in relation to Complex Sentence of One Type (Which one or which ones?)

This study concerns the depiction of plurality in subordinating conjunction ("which") in Modern Georgian language. For the purpose of bringing the norm in order, it seems reasonable to take into account grammatical form of that member of the sentence which the conjunction refers to and syntactical relation of the same member with basic coordinates - verb-predicates from the viewpoint of the category of number.


Keywords: normative language, role of the conjunction, agreement.


On the Interaction of Dialogue and Monologue

The study of the issues related to dialogue and monologue is one of the topical problems in contemporary literary criticism. Certain peculiarity is created by their interaction and alternation so that the boundaries between them disappear. This paper considers the mentioned question both from theoretical and practical viewpoints.

Keywords: dialogue, monologue, author-narrator, alter-ego.


Terms Related to the “Trust” in Georgian, Russian and English Languages (according to “The Civil Code of Georgia”, “The Civil Code of Russian Federation” and “Montana Code”)

The "trust" is generally characterized as a legal institution of Anglo-American law. Nowadays its different modifications are established in the legal systems of Continental Europe. The given paper studies the main terms related to the "trust" on the basis of comparative analysis of Georgian, Russian and American legislations.

Keywords: trust, beneficiary, trustor, trustee, trust property.


Codicotextual Analysis of the Gospel Manuscript (Ath.62) from Oshki on the example of Matthew’s Gospel

The paper presents codicological and textual analysis of the text of Matthew's Gospel from the Four Gospels of the 11th-century manuscript (Ath.62) on the basis of which its relation to the other known editions of the Georgian translation of the Gospels has been established.

Keywords: Gospel, Oshki, Giorgi Mtatsmindeli, manuscript.


On Megrelian-Georgian Interferences

This paper aims to show several aspects of linguistic contacts on the example of Kartvelian languages. Megrelian-Georgian interferences are presented on the level of morpho-syntax and prosody. The question has been regarded within the frames of intra-ethnic communication and is based on linguistic observations of a bilingual author.

Keywords: sociolinguistics, bilingualism, diglossia.


Beginning of the Migration of Mountaineers in the Western Georgia at the turn of the millennia

In this paper we consider significant accounts given by Strabo and other historians who are either unfamiliar or in any case, do not mention the Abkhazian-Adigeian tribes on the territory of the western Georgia and the data by those historians (Plinius and Arrian) who mention Abkhazian-Adigeian tribes on the territory of the western Georgia for the first time. We also discuss the reasons for migration of different highland tribes - the Abasgi, the Apsioloi, the Lazi, the Sani.

Keywords: Colchis, Heniochi, Apshiloi, Kerketes, Abkhazians.