An Interdisciplinary Method of Traceology and Prospects of its Usage in Archeology

  Current archeological studies include integrated researches of various scientific spheres. One of them is the study of artifacts by a traceological method that is the best means for the reconstruction of the prehistoric economic system. In Georgia less attention is paid to the study of the stone tools via a traceological method. The goal of the paper is the popularization of this method in archeology.

Keywords: macro-traceology, micrometric method, phyto-traceology, traceology


Georgian Translations of Ernest Hemingway’s Story “A Clean, Well-Lighted Place”: Some Examples of the Analysis of Translation Equivalency

   As far as the style of Hemingway’s fictional prose is deemed laconic, the peculiarity of the Georgian translations of a seemingly simple text acquires a particular importance. The paper deals with a comparative linguo-stylistic analysis of a short story by Ernest Hemingway in terms of the content and a stylistic accuracy of its two Georgian translations.

Keywords: domestication, equivalency, literary translation, style


Transnistrian Volunteers in the Conflict of Abkhazia

The paper presents the facts about the participation of the Transnistrian volunteers in the  conflict of Abkhazia of 1992-1993. For this purpose, the reports of the volunteers are used. Additionally, the author interviewed one of ex-combatants during his visit in Tiraspol in 2016. 

Keywords: conflict of Abkhazia, Transnistrian volunteers


Georgia in the French Sources of the Second Half of the 16th Century

The paper introduces to the Georgian scientific circulation a full coverage of three correspondences of French diplomat of the 16th century. The importance of the given documents grows due to the fact that there are no contemporaneous sources depicting a domestic as well as a foreign political situation of Georgia of the 16th century.

Keywords: European sources, Georgia, the Ottoman Empire


About One Iranism in the Classic Hebrew

The question raised in the article serves to advance the relevance of the research of Iranian-Semitic linguistic relations and aims at revealing the ways of establishing pairi-daeza (which originated from the oldest Iranian source) in the late Biblical Hebrew.

Keywords: Garden, Paradise, The Bible


The Plastunkian Georgians (History and Contemporaneousness)

The given paper relies on the documental materials and reveals the history of the foundation of the Georgian village Plastunka (a part of Adleri region – an administrative division of town Sotchi of Krasnodar region in the Russian Federation), which appeared approximately 150 years ago on the valley of the river Sotchi, 15 kilometers away from town Sotchi.

Who are the Georgians from Sotchi (Plastunka)? How long have they been living here and what was the reason of their migration to the coast of the Black Sea? How is the native language preserved? What about today’s situation? Which are their perspectives in the conditions of today’s globalization? The paper answers these questions.

Keywords: Plastunka, Muhajiroba, the Lechkhumians, Georgian Plastunkian figures, Georgian school, theatre


Analysis of Katharine Vivian’s English Translation of “A Book of Wisdom and Lies” by Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani

The article deals with the English translation of Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani's work "A book of wisdom and lies" translated by English Kartvelologist Katharine Vivian. It also emphasizes the meaning and purpose of translation.

Keywords: fable, Sulkhan-Saba, translation, Vivian, Wisdom of lies


The Seventh Century Conquest of Kartli by Habib ibn Maslamah within the Context of the Arabic Wars

The following article discusses history of the Principality of Kartli (former Kingdom of Iberia) in the 40s-50s of the seventh century from the standpoint of Arabic conquests. The research aims to uncover the facts that the subjugation of Kartli was not instantaneous and the treaty of peace and security granted to the Georgians by Habib ibn Maslamah was similar to the treaties concluded on the territories of Iran and Syria-Palestine. 

Keywords: of Kartli, Habib ibn Maslamah, the Arabs’ conquering wars


The Perception of Ethnicity in the Georgian Hagiography

    The study of the terms denoting ethnicity acquires a great importance during the research of the phenomenon of ethnicity. The Georgian hagiography, which is distinguished with a deep historicism, becomes a unique source for the study of the given issue. We put an accent on the meanings of the terms relative and nation presented in “The martyrdom of Abo Tbileli” and “The life of St. Grigol from Khantsta”. The definitions of these terms help us in the understanding of the ethnicity of the given period.

Keywords: ethnicity, Georgian hagiography, self-perception, the life of St. Grigol from Khantsta, the martyrdom of St. Abo


About the Masters of Painting of Matskhvarishi Taringzeli Church

The paper is dedicated to the painting of the Church of the Archangels in Matskvarishi, Latali community of Zemo Svaneti. In our opinion, three masters participated in its creation. Their handwritings differ in terms of color and modeling.

Keywords: Archangels, Latali, Matskhvarishi, monumental painting, Upper Svaneti


Mythologem of a Mill and a Miller in Oral Speech and Fiction

The whole system of stereotypic views are met on the topics of a mill and a miller in Georgian and European peoples’ oral speech and literature. This system comprises very important elements for the study of socio-religious processes and folk mythological imaginations. The paper discusses these mythologems from a comparativistic viewpoint.

Keywords: mill, mythos, witch


Identifying the Structural Symmetry of an Oral ‘Ur-Iliad’ through the Reconstruction of Agamemnon’s Earlier Embassies to Achilles

The article considers various notes and arguments that, in the author's opinion, are necessary for the reconstruction of previous versions (including the earliest one) of Agamemnon's embassy to Achilles which are considered as possible evidence for the identification of oral, the so-called recorded (i.e., fixed in writing), and written suppositional stages of the enlargement of “Iliad” 9; in this context, an attempt is made to determine the structural symmetry of a hypothetical oral ‘Ur-Iliad’.

Keywords: Homer, Agamemnon’s embassy, Oral-recorded-written, ‘Ur-Iliad’, Structural symmetry


For the Understanding of Aghaza’s Literary Character in Vazha-Pshavela’s poem “Host and Guest”

    Aghaza is one of the outstanding characters of Vazha-Pshavela’s epic poetry. The Georgian literary studies presents opposite ideas regarding her. The paper makes an attempt to conceptualize  Aghaza’s literary character.

Keywords: For the Understanding of Aghaza’s Literary Character in Vazha-Pshavela’s poem “Host and Guest”


For the Artistic-Historical context of the Idea of “Union” in the Works of C. Montis

The paper makes an attempt to present the importance and the continuity of the idea of "union” in Costas Montis’ life and artistic work. The peculiarity of the research is the poet’s original style and manner of expression, which was maintained in the translations. At the same time, the attention is paid to the technic of the revival of historical peripeteias and the author's consideration regarding the necessity of reflection in the literature.

Keywords: Cyprus, freedom, history, revolution, the idea of the “union”


Ezra Pound – Translator of Chinese Poetry

The article discusses translations by Ezra Pound, one of the most prominent figures of the 20th century literature and one of the founders of Modernism. Pound’s viewpoint on translation and his ways of achieving the translator’s intention are discussed at the example of his two verses translated from Chinese. The article mentions radically different opinions and controversy about his translations. 

Keywords: , Image; Imagism; Modernism, Translator’s intention, Vers libre


For a Semantic Classification of Svan Onomatopoeic Vocabulary

The paper discusses a semantic classification of Svan onomatopoeic vocabulary on the basis of Choluruli speech and traditional dialects (Balszemouri, Balskvemouri, Lashkhuri and Lentekhuri) of the Svan language. The observation of phonosemantic materials reveals that four semantic groups are dominant in Svan, namely: specifically onomatopoeic vocabulary (expression of diverse sounds); the lexis denoting the movement of light and fire; the vocabulary associated with dynamics – movement and action; the vocabulary denoting static situations – appearance, looking, watching, mental states. The classification of these groups is based on Charles Osgood’s method of semantic differentiation. Naturally, like Georgian, in Svan, the above-mentioned groups cannot fully describe the abundant possibilities of the onomatopoeic vocabulary.

Keywords: phonosemantics, onomatopoeia, vocabulary


A Paradigmatic Tropology of the “Pillar of Light” in Nikoloz Gulaberidze’s “The Reading” and “The Chant”

The paper studies a paradigmatic tropology of “the pillar of light” in Nikoloz Gulaberidze’s “The reading” and “The chant”. Its Biblical archetypes are found and the embodiment and essence of “the pillar of light” in the monuments of old Georgian literature are presented. Appropriate conclusions are based on the above mentioned and on the data of the scientific literature.

Keywords: bright, Gulaberidze, paradigm, pillar