Byzantium’s ‘Geopolitics of Christianity’: Case of Kartli

The role of Christianity in Roman world has been a widely discussed subject. Scholars however do not pay attention to how the new religion was used by the Roman and later Byzantine emperors to defend their frontiers against powerful enemies coming from the Eurasian steppes of the East. The case of Kartli will be shown as a good example that Christianization in most instances was not an accidental process, but rather a purposeful policy led by the imperial authorities in Constantinople.

Keywords: Christianity, Kartli, Byzantium, Goths, Sasanians


The Logical Terminology of the Georgian Translations of The Ladder of Divine Ascend by John Climacus

The Ladder of Divine Ascend by John Climacus is an interesting work in many ways. Translation of the text into various languages as well as equalization it with The Ten Commandments by Moses is rather an important issue. The article aims to analyze several logical terms, which is inherent for the texts, translated in different periods and cultural environments. 

Keywords: John Climacus, the Ladder of Divine Ascend, Logical Terminology


The Problem of Individualism in the Works by Vazha-Pshavela

The article deals with the problem of relationship between the individual and the society; the attitude of the author towards the ethic concept of individualism.

Keywords: Vazha-Pshavela, the problem of relationship between the individual and the society, individualism


Newly Discovered Church in Historical Imiertao (South-Western Georgia)

The article deals with the newly revealed medieval church on the territory of Turkey, in the historic province of Imiertao. Its alleged reconstruction and stylistic analysis has been done, based on which it is perceived as 10th century triconch (triple apsis) type church.

Keywords: Triconch- type church, Imierao, Reconstruction, Plan


The Terms and Concepts Related to the Phono semantics of the Kartvelian languages

The publication presents the related terms of Phono semantics in Kartvelian stems and provides an analysis, which can be found in Georgian or Foreign scholarly works. This paper discusses the relationship of the terms and their general and specific meanings, along with their main features. The article mainly addresses the Georgian or Foreign false terms and concepts adjusted to Georgian Scholarly literature. 

Keywords: Phono semantics, Onomatopoeia, Bgertsera (soundwriting), sound symbolism.


The Issue of Interrelation of the Gedankenlyrik and the Philosophical Verse

The article explores the evolution of the concept of Gedankenlyrik and the central aspects of its development. The article analyses its interrelation with philosophical poetry, as well as the main characteristics of philosophical poetry.  

Keywords: Gedankenlyrik, Philosophical Poetry, Elegy, Reflexive Verse, Romanticism, Sentimental Poetry


Achilles’ Double ‘Greeting’ – “Iliad” 9.198/204

At 9.198 of the “Iliad”, Achilles greets, perhaps, only three ambassadors, or his friends, in the dual; however, at 9.204 the same greeting is repeated in the plural. In the process of interpretation of the issue several questions arose. In order to answer these questions, there is a need to reevaluate the whole embassy scene, but, again, from the Unitarian standpoint.

Keywords: the “Iliad”, the embassy, plurals with the duals, the changed formula, reconstructing a previous embassy.


Life as a Miracle in Jostein Gaarder’s Works

The article is with “The Orange Girl” a bestseller by a Norwegian writer Jostein Gaarder and deals with intertextuality in Jostein Gaarder’s works. The paper emphasizes the writer's extraordinary ability: lightly and even a little naively and what is more interestingly talk about the most difficult; “tempt” the reader into interaction with themselves as well as the text.

Keywords: Time, World, Retrospection, Regularity


Mutsali by Givi Margvelashvili: The Aesthetics of Post-modernism and the Problem of Deconstruction of the Classical Texts

Mutsali by Givi Margvelashvili one of the most interesting works in European post-modernism is a great example of how Georgian sources (Aluda Ketelauri by Vazha-Pshavela and Merani by Nikoloz Baratashvili) become interwoven in the western discourse. Hence, the deconstruction of the classical literary text, one of the most important characteristics of post-modern aesthetics, becomes apparent in Mutsali.

Keywords: Mutsali by Givi Margvelashvili, Aluda Ketelauri by Vazha-Pshavela, Merani by Nikoloz Baratashvili, Deconstruction of Texts, Postmodernism


Towards the Scientific Status of Lexicography (Based on the Analysis of Scientific and Applied Aspects of Lexicography)

The article deals with the problem of the essence or status of lexicography. Discussed therein is the issue of whether lexicography is a science or merely a craft. The article presents arguments in favour of the scientific status of lexicography. Namely, there are examined the fields of human activity which, despite their having applied aspect, are still rightly regarded by the public as sciences.

Keywords: Status of lexicography, craft or science, equivalence.


Ideology and Strategy of Translation (Comparative Analysis of the Georgian Translations of the Works by Emily Dickinson and Sylvia Plath in the Soviet and Post-Soviet Era)

The present paper addresses the  question of how translation strategy can be determined by the country's political situation. During the Soviet period while translating Emily Dickinson’s and Sylvia Plath’s poetry, the translators used the traditional poetic taste, whereas in the post-Soviet period, this situation has radically changed.

Keywords: Ideology, translation, poetry, Emily Dickinson, Sylvia Plath.


Dialogism, Free Indirect Style and Irony as an Artistic Method of D.H. Lawrence's Short Story, The Lovely Lady: Based on the Problem of the Interpretation of a Fragment

The simultaneous manifestation of the dialogical character of the David Herbert Lawrence’s texts and his use of exposing artistic method demonstrated the possibilities of avoiding misinterpretation in the process of accurate translation considering these two signature points of his creative work. 

Keywords: dialogue, translation, irony, Lawrence, style.