Indicators of Tension in Oral and Written Texts

In an oral text the main source of expression of tension is prosody, and in a written text - verbal means. In both cases the cumulation of tension occurs at the time of conveying the idea (theme) of the text and in segments containing the metaphor, specification, contrast, etc., closely linked with the idea. 

Keywords: Tension field, prosody, text linguistics


Metamorphoses of the Abkhazian Toponymy

The first geographical names on the territory of contemporary Abkhazia formed in accordance with the norms of Abkhazian (Apsua) language appeared from the beginning of the 16th century. The survey of the historical change of toponyms evidences that the statements according to which the Abkhazians (the Apsua) are the only indigenous population on this territory, appear to be incorrect.


Keywords: Abkhazia, change of toponyms, indigenous population


Slang in the Context of Georgian-Russian Linguistic Relations

The paper deals with one of the special spheres of Georgian-Russian linguistic relations - slang words. Russian words are considered in modern Georgian slang and Georgian words in modern Russian slang. The specific features and peculiarities of using these lexical units are shown. 

Keywords: jargon, lexical unit, Georgian language, Russian language, borrowings


Creative Approach during the Process of Color Nomination and Limit of Meanings of Color Terms

The given paper describes and studies psychological-verbal and cultural-social facts of the process of elements denoting colors.  The given study determines the expansion of the word-meaning in the process of nomination.

Keywords: meaning of the word, nomination of colors, polysemy.


The Orthographic Variation in the French Short Textual Discourse

The given paper refers to nonstandard orthographic forms, which are used in a short textual discourse. Their discussion according to the formal and subjective criteria enables us to conclude, that abbreviations are used not only for "defeating" the technical limitations, but they also emerge in the role of lingual identifiers.

Keywords: abbreviation, lingual identification, orthography, short textual discourse


Particles “ar”, “ts”, “ki” in the Georgian Language and their Counterparts in the English Language

The given paper discusses negation expressed by the combination of the particle "არ" ("ar") with the particles"ც" ("ts") and "კი" ("ki"). It shows, that a nominal negation exists in the Georgian language. The particle "ts" provides a scale predication, while "ki" introduces a presupposition.  Moreover, the given paper deals with the lexical means, which facilitate the expression of the same functions in the English language.

Keywords: marking, nominal negation, presupposition, scale predication, verbal negation


Stability and Variation in the Groups of Binary Consonants of the Spanish Language

The given paper discusses the binary consonant complexes on the levels of etymon and derivate. It describes the evolution of consonant groups and the reasons causing their variation.

Keywords: binary consonant complexes, stability, variation


The Georgian and English Phraseologisms Denoting a Person’s Physical and Mental Conditions

The given paper discusses the Georgian and English phraseologisms denoting a person's physical and mental conditions. Phraseologisms are discussed via lingvo-culturological aspects and from the lexico-thematic point of view. Moreover, the similarities and differences of the Georgian and English languages are presented.

Keywords: lingvo-culturology, semantics, the Georgian/English phraseologisms


The Celestial Sphere in the Poetry of N. Gumiliov

N. Gumiliov's poetical manner is characterized by the generalization of the semantic meaning connected to celestial sphere. These words are the holders of both conotational charges (they are loaded positively, as well as negatively). Sometimes a transition from positive to negative register occurs.  

Keywords: N. Gumiliov, Celestial Sphere, Component analysis, Conotational charge


The Comprehensive English-Georgian Dictionary as a Basis for Bilingual European-Georgian Dictionaries

The article deals with practical methods and general prospects for the creation of bilingual, European-Georgian dictionaries basing on the Comprehensive English-Georgian Dictionary. Techniques for the creation of such dictionaries are shown on the example of concrete entries from projected Italian-Georgian, French-Georgian, German-Georgian, and Swedish-Georgian dictionaries.


Keywords: bilingual lexicography, Romance-Georgian and Germanic-Georgian dictionaries


The Gender Dynamics of Youth Interaction (Based on Georgian and German language material)

The article deals will the gender dynamics of discourse concerning Georgian and German Girls and Boys, the cooperative and competentive style of their communication (maritial, full of Intense competition). The essay analyzes the empirical data from audio-visual recordings.

Keywords: Discourse Dynamics, Youth Language, German and Georgian Girls and Boys, Supporting reactions of communication


Analysis of irony in the view of speech acts

The given article is dedicated to the problems of irony interpretation and decoding in the light of speech acts theory based on the examples obtained through research that generally provides the idea of the future study of irony as a joint category of form, meaning and context.  

Keywords: irony, speech act, negative and positive intention, implicit, shared knowledge


Intercultural aspects of Lingo-didactics of contemporary German language and Georgian lingo-cultural reality

The methods of teaching a foreign language changes over the course of time and is oriented on he appropriate reality and technological development. The article deals with the general analysis of intercultural method and singles out its general characteristics; the problem is  seen in the prism of Georgian Reality and gives the prospects of the future. 

Keywords: Teaching Foreign Language, intercultural method, interaction between cultures; the school of lingo-didactics of Giesen.


The place of Word Formation in Georgian and German Linguistics based on the linguistic literature analyses

The Article deals with the Place of Word Formation in Contemporary Linguistics. Presented and analysed are the opinions of local and foreign linguists related to the matter. The article aims to show the terminological differences that were observed in Georgian and foreign linguistic literature.

Keywords: Word Formation, Types of Word Formation, Terminology of Word Formation.


Ethnicity designating Romani loanwords in some European slangs: their origin, meaning and ideology

The slangs of European languages contain words of Romani origin. In this paper I deal with presence of such words in colloquial Spanish and several Central European languages. After a brief overview of the semantic groups where these words can be found I point out the group of ethnic terms. I explain the reasons why these words penetrated into the language and why their meaning could have changed. The case study is based on my field research.

Keywords: sociolinguistics, slang, loanwords from Romani, Spain, Central Europe


The Function of Neologisms in French and Georgian Media Discourse

 The article deals with the integration and adaptation ways of French and Georgian Neologisms. Based on printed and electronic media examples the article shows their characteristics, common features and differences.

Keywords: Georgian Language, French Language, Neologisms, Neology, Anglicism


Towards the Scientific Status of Lexicography (Based on the Analysis of Scientific and Applied Aspects of Lexicography)

The article deals with the problem of the essence or status of lexicography. Discussed therein is the issue of whether lexicography is a science or merely a craft. The article presents arguments in favour of the scientific status of lexicography. Namely, there are examined the fields of human activity which, despite their having applied aspect, are still rightly regarded by the public as sciences.

Keywords: Status of lexicography, craft or science, equivalence.


A Paradigmatic Tropology of the “Pillar of Light” in Nikoloz Gulaberidze’s “The Reading” and “The Chant”

The paper studies a paradigmatic tropology of “the pillar of light” in Nikoloz Gulaberidze’s “The reading” and “The chant”. Its Biblical archetypes are found and the embodiment and essence of “the pillar of light” in the monuments of old Georgian literature are presented. Appropriate conclusions are based on the above mentioned and on the data of the scientific literature.

Keywords: bright, Gulaberidze, paradigm, pillar


For a Semantic Classification of Svan Onomatopoeic Vocabulary

The paper discusses a semantic classification of Svan onomatopoeic vocabulary on the basis of Choluruli speech and traditional dialects (Balszemouri, Balskvemouri, Lashkhuri and Lentekhuri) of the Svan language. The observation of phonosemantic materials reveals that four semantic groups are dominant in Svan, namely: specifically onomatopoeic vocabulary (expression of diverse sounds); the lexis denoting the movement of light and fire; the vocabulary associated with dynamics – movement and action; the vocabulary denoting static situations – appearance, looking, watching, mental states. The classification of these groups is based on Charles Osgood’s method of semantic differentiation. Naturally, like Georgian, in Svan, the above-mentioned groups cannot fully describe the abundant possibilities of the onomatopoeic vocabulary.

Keywords: phonosemantics, onomatopoeia, vocabulary


Tbilisi Dialect (history and the present)

This paper deals with speech peculiarities of the Georgian capital city (Tbilisi). It is noted that the question of treating the Tbilisi speech in its totality as one Tbilisi dialect or capital's social strata (social dialects) has not yet been thought about. This paper aims at giving special qualification to urban speech.

Keywords: social dialect, strata, low speech, language identity, spoken language.


Problem of Expression of Plural in relation to Complex Sentence of One Type (Which one or which ones?)

This study concerns the depiction of plurality in subordinating conjunction ("which") in Modern Georgian language. For the purpose of bringing the norm in order, it seems reasonable to take into account grammatical form of that member of the sentence which the conjunction refers to and syntactical relation of the same member with basic coordinates - verb-predicates from the viewpoint of the category of number.


Keywords: normative language, role of the conjunction, agreement.


Terms Related to the “Trust” in Georgian, Russian and English Languages (according to “The Civil Code of Georgia”, “The Civil Code of Russian Federation” and “Montana Code”)

The "trust" is generally characterized as a legal institution of Anglo-American law. Nowadays its different modifications are established in the legal systems of Continental Europe. The given paper studies the main terms related to the "trust" on the basis of comparative analysis of Georgian, Russian and American legislations.

Keywords: trust, beneficiary, trustor, trustee, trust property.