Dante Alighieri’s Divine Comedy as an Intertext to the Smile of Dyonisus by K. Gamsakhurdia

The article aims to explore literary parallels between the writings of the two authors of two different nationalities and epochs.  These works are: Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri from the 16th c. and the novel by the 20th c. Georgian modernist author Konstantine Gamsakhurdia The Smile of Dyonisus.  The literally parallel is based upon their thematic similarity. Both authors use the theme of descending into hell as the main pattern. Considering the fact that Gamsakhurdia was well acquainted with the Alighieri’s work and analyzed it critically, we are obviously dealing with the use of text as a model.  

Keywords: Alighieri, Gamsakhurdia, Hell, Archetype, Paralel.

 
 
 
 

The Epitaphs of the Amilakhvari Family from Samtavisi (19th c.)

The article presents the 19th century epitaphs of those members of the Amilakhvari family, whose data can be traced in archives of some other sources. This research aims to encourage the establishment and emendation of the chronological and genealogical accounts about the Amilakhvari Family. 

Keywords: The Amilakhvari Family, Samtavsii, Epitaph, Chala.

 
 
 
 

The Peculiarities of Presenting Violence in the Work of Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clezio

The theme of violence in the work of Le Clezio is first of all created by contrasting the special units such as nature and urban environment and the images and symbols reflecting their opposition. A modern city through the eyes of a writer poses a danger to the existence of the human being, since it generates false values of life. Its extremely abstract architecture emphasizes the suffocating nature of the space. The influence of modern technologies on human beings is also considered as forms of violence. So are the consumer principles that are revealed at its most precisely in urban environment. The existence of a human being under such conditions is evaluated as a war. 

Keywords: Imagination, violence, city, nature, war.

 
 
 
 

For understanding the ‘Youth’ of the Maccabean Martyrs

The Martyrdom of the Maccabees is a Hagiographical piece based on bibliology books.  The [Georgian] text of The Martyrdom was published by Prof. Ivane Imnaishvili in 1980. Yet, the martyrdom from a literary point of view has not yet attracted a scholarly interest. This article presents one of the key aspects of the piece and attempts to understand the youth of the martyrs.   

Keywords: Maccabees, Maccabean, Non-Canonical, Hagiography, Imagology, Youth, Young

 
 
 
 

“Sound Poetry” in the Context of New Syncretism

The article aims to study the most characteristic feature of modern literary art – new syncretism on the example of Zurab Rtveliashvili, Sound Poetry and his art in general. The essence of new syncretism is to be found in the removal of the established genre borders by their hybridization.  

Keywords: New syncretism, Sound Poetry, merging the traditional and non-traditional arts, Zurab Rtveliashvili.

 
 
 
 

The Allegory of the Man who Fell Into a Well in The Knight in the Panther’s Skin and its Artistic Function

The Knight in the Panther’s Skin offers an allegory of the man who fell in a well. The story is real and is used for developing a communication between characters; it also has a function of identifying the psychological condition. The allegory by its meaning is very important and has a function and a mission of foretelling the future. With the allegory of the man who fell in a well we met Avtandil, Tariel and Asmat (the main characters of the poem). This allegory is a prediction of Tariel’s being taken away from the cave or being woken up from the “cave consciousness”. This article offers an analysis regarding Avtandil, tariel and Asmat as a paradigm images of the man who fell in a well.  

Keywords: allegory, man who fell in a well, cave consciousness

 
 
 
 

Comparative Study of the Literary works by Moses of Chorene and Koryun

The work considers the creation of the Armenian, Georgian and Albanian alphabets by the famous public figure Mesrop Mashtots. On the grounds of a textual analysis of the Armenian writers Koryun and Moses of Chorene the factual differences between them are presented. Comparative study offers a firm basis for considering the reliability of the accounts offered by Moses of Chorene.   

Keywords: Koryun, Moses of Chorene, Mesrop Mashtsots, Georgian Alphabet.

 
 
 
 

Chechen Heroic “Illi” and the Ballads of the Eastern Georgian Highlanders (similarities and differences)

<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:Sylfaen; panose-1:1 10 5 2 5 3 6 3 3 3; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:67110535 0 0 0 159 0;} @font-face {font-family:"Cambria Math"; panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-536870145 1107305727 0 0 415 0;} @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-536870145 1073786111 1 0 415 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-unhide:no; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0cm; margin-right:0cm; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} .MsoChpDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; mso-default-props:yes; font-size:11.0pt; mso-ansi-font-size:11.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} .MsoPapDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; margin-bottom:10.0pt; line-height:115%;} @page WordSection1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 72.0pt 72.0pt 72.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} -->

Chechen heroic illi and Georgian ballad present precisely and powerfully the mentality of the warrior society of the Chechen and Georgian highlanders, their heroic ideals and the psychology of the people who are involved in battles on a daily basis. As a result of comparative study artistic, structural and conceptual similarities as well as differences between the two genres of folklore have been revealed.

Keywords: Folklore, Chechen, “Illi”, Georgian Ballad.

 
 
 
 

Autofictional Narrative to rewrite the past Irakli Charkviani's Autonovel in Relation to Autofictional Prose

The given article studies the novel "Tranquil Swim" by Irakli Charkviani in relation to autofictional prose; it explores the forms of narratives used in this book and their functions. Te article also discusses autofiction as a phenomenon and different terms and issues related to it.

Keywords: Autofiction, narrative, autobiography, novel, fiction

 
 
 
 

The Theme of Encounter between East and West in the 20th Century Arabic Literature (1935-1966)

The present article aims to discuss the theme of encounter between East and West and the issue of cultural confrontation in the works of the outstanding writers of the 20th century (1935-1966) Arabic Literature, such as Taha Hussein, Yahya Haqqi, Suhayl Idris and Tayeb Salih.

Keywords: Arabic Literature, Encounter between East and West

 
 
 
 

Euphemisms and their Translation Startegies (On the example of Georgian and English)

The present work deals with the problems related to translating euphemisms. It discusses the euphemisms of different categories and proposes the strategies for their translations. The emphasis is made on conveying the connotative meaning of the euphemistic expressions into the translation. Examples are recalled from the Georgian translatons of English literary works.

Keywords: Epuphemisms, National, Universal, Style, Connotation