The composition of Amnos in the murals of the north-west chapel of the main church of Gelati Monastery

The present article discusses the composition of Amnos and its iconographic features in the northwest chapel of the main church of Gelati Monastery created during the prelateship of Zakaria Kvariani (1637-1660). 


Keywords: Amnos, St Peter of Alexandria, St. Nicholas, the northwestern chapel of Gelati, Zakaria Kvariani

 
 
 
 

Shakespeare in Georgian Fine Arts

The work "Shakespeare in Georgian Fine Arts" aims to analyze the works of Georgian artists based on Shakespeare's plays, on the basis of which we suggest that Georgian artists have created a number of masterpieces, which has earned Georgian “Shakespeareana” (everything connected with Shakespeare's creative work) a worthy place among world art.

Keywords: scenographic Shakespeare, theatrical painting, Soliko Virsaladze, Robert Sturua,

 
 
 
 

Triangular Pendants from Pre-Classical Colchis

The present paper discusses one of the most important items characteristic of the Pre-Classical period Colchian goldsmithing - the triangular-shaped pendants. They reflect the way of adapting the common epoch-making fashion and trends to the local tastes and traditions, which is also felt well by other jewelers of this period.

The paper defines their distribution area, chronology and typology. By current data, such pendants, according to  stylistic-technological analysis, are the works of local goldsmiths of Pre-Classical period Colchis and the finds of several specimens at archaeological sites of later periods, in our opinion, don`t correspond to the date when the pendants were made.

Keywords: Goldsmithing, Colchis, Pendants, Pre-Classical

 
 
 
 

Toponym Hayzān/Khayzān and one related reference to it by Ibn Rustah for the history of Hereti

The toponym Hayzān/Khayzān is quite common in medieval Arabic historical or geograph-ical literature. However, references to this name are scarce and fragmentary. They mainly refer to the toponym itself and issue indirectly related to it. Consequently, this factor com-plicates the matter of toponym identification. The objective of this paper is to gather possi-ble versions and variants of the location of the toponym Hayzān/Khayzān, based on various references or existing studies. Among them are new variant(s) that may be identified as the toponym. The paper also discusses one specific account of Ibn Rustah concerning the intro-duction of kingship among the princes of Hereti, and this notice represents a novelty as it has not hitherto been the object of proper observation.

Keywords: Hayzān/Khayzān, Ibn Rustah, Hereti, Middle Ages, Arabic sources

 
 
 
 

What could be the future of the past: capturing a potential value of Gremi historical landscape

The research aims to reassess the values and cultural significance associated with Gremi, the capital of the vanished Kingdom of Kakheti, through deconstructing its historical past. In doing so, it aims to understand to what extent can Gremi, as a historical landscape, meet the criteria for the UNESCO Silk Roads Transnational Serial World Heritage nomination together with the sites of neighbouring countries as opposed to nominating some of its architectural buildings as a single property.

Keywords: Gremi historical landscape, World Heritage, Silk Roads transnational nomination

 
 
 
 

The Relationship between Fantasy Genre and Religion (Based on the works of Rowling, Martin and Tolkien)

This article is part of a doctoral dissertation. It discusses the works by J. Rowling, J.R.R. Martin, and J.R.R. Tolkien in a religious context. The three works of the fantasy genre (Harry Potter, The Song of Ice and Fire, The Lord of the Rings) are shown from the point of view of religion, and the role that religion plays in the fictional world of each of the authors listed.

Keywords: Martin, Religion, Rowling, Tolkien, Fantasy

 
 
 
 

Organizing Ideological Texts in Soviet Literature for Children

This article discusses the types of organization of ideological texts in Soviet children's literature as a method of exerting influence. Three types of text organization are singled out based on specific literary examples. The method of narrative analysis and structuralism are employed as a theoretical framework for this research.


Keywords: ideology; Soviet ideology; children's literature

 
 
 
 

The Issue of the Interrelationship between Abu Qurrah and Theodore of Edessa Mentioned in the Old Georgian Translated Hagiographic Writings

The article discusses the text preserved in Georgian written sources and the issue of one of the characters in “Martyrdom of St. Michael”, Theodore Abu Qurrah. Theodore Abu Qurrah himself is one of the main characters in this work, the narrator of Michael's story and not the author. In parallel with “Martyrdom of St. Michael”, another text is preserved in Georgian sources, “The Life of Theodore of Edessa”, which was probably translated from Greek by Ephrem Mtsire. In it, as an integral part of the work, the so-called “Abu Qurrah” is also mentioned, however, with significant changes - the introductory part is omitted, in which Theodore Abu Qurrah is mentioned as the narrator of Michael's story, and Michael himself is quoted as a relative of Theodore of Edessa, Bishop of Edessa.

We are interested in the relationship between Theodore Abu Qurrah and Theodore of Edessa. We will try to find out what these two figures have in common, whether they were identified with each other and what caused this fact? Was Theodore Abu Qurrah just a literary alter ego, or was he a real person? Why was Theodore Abu Qurrah, the narrator of Michael's story, replaced by Theodore of Edessa in his life? Is it due to the motive of Basil of Emesa - the author of “The Life of Theodore of Edessa”- to further glorify the merits of his uncle, by connecting him with such a great figure as St. Michael or are we dealing with a misunderstanding? Should we consider that in the original version of “Martyrdom of St. Michael” instead of Theodore Abu Qurrah, the story of Michael was told to the sanctuary monks by Theodore of Edessa, who was later replaced by Theodore Abu Qurrah due to a mistake made by a particular person? In addition, we will discuss the relationship between John of Damascus and Theodore Abu Qurrah and present our hypothesis on how the tradition of the disciple-teaching of Theodore Abu Qurrah and John of Damascus should have been established on the basis of the union of John of Damascus and Theodore of Edessa.

Keywords: Theodore, Michael, Martyr, Edessa, Haran

 
 
 
 

The Dualistic Nature of the Main Characters in Mario Vargas Llosa's novel “The City and the Dogs”

The work aims to identify and analyze the dualistic nature and duality of the main characters of Mario Vargas Llosa's novel “The City and the Dogs". Living in two opposing worlds - the school and the city - determines the dualistic nature of the characters and forces them to make a choice. In a dictatorial regime, the struggle for moral victory and the choice between good and evil are eternal problems and a topical issue for the reader.

Keywords: “The City and the Dogs”, parallel worlds, dualistic nature, choice

 
 
 
 

Analysis of New Etymologies Related to Several Elamite Verbs

The article discusses some of the verbs found in Elamite texts. The focus is on the units that bear some typological similarities with the items in the Kartvelian, Dravidian and Indo-European languages. Based on the examples, assumptions are made about the etymology of the root of a verb.


Keywords: Elamite, Dravidian, Kartvelian, Assyriology

 
 
 
 

Comparative Analysis of Grammatical and Pragmatic Functions of Contrastive Discourse Markers in Georgian and American Talk Show Discourse

This article aims to study the functions of contrastive discourse markers on the example of American and Georgian talk shows. The methodological framework of the paper is based on B. Fraser’s taxonomy, which examines discourse markers according to their pragmatic and metalinguistic functions. B. Fraser’s grammatical-pragmatic theory studies language relevant in a particular context and is interested in the contextual meaning of the text. The article aims to: (1) determine which contrastive discourse markers are used in a talk show discourse; (2) explain the communicative intentions of the speakers according to the contrastive discourse markers they use; (3) provide contrasting linguistic-pragmatic analysis of English and Georgian discourse markers.

Keywords: Discourse Markers, Contrast Discourse Markers, Talk Show Discourse