State Education Policy as a Mechanism for Constructing National Identity in Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921)

This article presents a brief overview of the education policy developed in the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918-1921. The study intends to determine the importance of the education policy in terms of the construction of the country’s national identity. 

Keywords: Nationalism, national identity, the first Republic, education, national minorities


Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar on the Georgian Stage

Sturua’s interpretation of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar is governed by a postmodernist artistic and conceptual understanding. The analysis results in the presentation of topics and problems that represent the main idea of Shakespeare’s play and Sturua’s theatre production. In the performance, Shakespeare’s metaphor “All the world’s a stage” expresses not only the contemporary reality but also the biblical, fictitious and theatrical reality depicted by means of intertextuality and the artistic technique of metatheatre.

Keywords: Shakespeare, postmodernism, Julius Caesar, Robert Sturua, Rustaveli Theatre


On an Unknown Fact concerning the Relationship between Nader Shah and Georgian Royalty according to ‘Alam Ara-ye Naderi by Iranian Historian Mohammad Kazem

Mohammad Kazem is a historian contemporary with Nader Shah Afshar (18th c.). Numerous accounts on Iranian-Georgian relations have been preserved in his prose chronicles entitled ‘Alam Ara-ye Naderi (“The World-Illuminating History of Nadir”). The proposed article presents our point of view concerning Mohammad Kazem’s account depicting the relationship between Nader Shah and one of the daughters of Teimuraz II.

Keywords: Nader Shah Afshar, Teimuraz II, a daughter of Teimuraz II, Mohammad Kazem


Social Realistic Dimension of Hero of Labor and Soviet Deconstruction of Elitism

The article deals with a role of literature, and particularly, socialist realism in shaping the new Soviet elite which was based on the award of the title “Hero of Socialist Labor”. Socialist realism has developed into a particular dimension for new heroes whose field of activity encompassed factories, plants, fields and meadows. The synchronism of Soviet repressions with the introduction of new title as well as the establishment of socialist realism, a unified artistic method has become a cornerstone for Soviet identities and a basis for deconstruction of a concept of elitism.

Keywords: Hero of Socialist Labor, Soviet elite, Rustavi metallurgical plant, literary character, post-Soviet deconstruction


Trauma and Triumph in Literary Texts: Post-Independence Georgia

The 20th century can be defined as a “century of traumas”. The study of collective trauma has developed into one of the major areas of cultural studies. Experience in exploring occurrences of traumatic events across countries has expanded. Georgian reality remains understudied in the light of trauma theories. This article aims to demonstrate to what extent the traumatic events of 1990s have been manifested, analyzed, understood and interpreted in post-independence literature. 

Keywords: Georgia, cultural trauma, transformation, literature


Issues of Co-existence of Ethnic Groups in Georgian Publicistic Works Late 19th – Early 20th Centuries

The article examines the issues of co-existence of various ethnic minorities in the state of Georgia as reflected in certain Georgian publicistic works written in 1879-1928, considering them in historical perspective as well as in terms of state significance and political objectives that contribute to tolerant environment for ethnic minorities in the country.

Keywords: Culture, multiethnicity, integration, publicism


Fire Priests and Magi in Iberia

The article is dealing with the way the cult of Ahura Mazda penetrated into Iberia as early as the Achaemenid period. It is noteworthy that both Iberia and Colchis appear to fall within the political sphere of influence of the Achaemenid Empire. The research has been carried out on the basis of scarce and lapidary though interesting accounts attested in written sources as well as archaeological and ethnographic data, which represents a novelty aiming to find out whether or not any unknown form of fire worship or cult distinct from Zoroastrianism existed here prior to the Achaemenid period.

Keywords: Zoroastrianism, Avesta, Iberia, a fire temple, the Achaemenid Empire, Armazi.


Structural Analysis of Fragmentary Manuscripts (The Case of Six Fragments Preserved in Fragmentary MSS Fund of Korneli Kekelidze Georgian National Centre of Manuscripts)

A large number of fragmentary manuscipts has been preserved as part of the Georgian manuscrip heritage, chronologically covering the 5th–18th centuries CE.
The study of the manuscripts requires a complex and multidisciplinary examination. In order to determine to which manuscript a certain fragment belongs, an archeographic description of fragments is essential. This includes the study of manuscript materials, i.e the color of the ink applied, the number of lines per page, the type of script used in the text, the caligraphy of text, the size and form of graphemes, the distance between letters as well as lines; assumed dating of the parchment, the degree of its treatment and damage, types of damage suffered by the fragment, and the methods of rulling employed.
Structural examination of manuscripts is important and essential for the purposes of their consevation and restoration, as well as their treatment and preservation, providing a basis for a thorough study of a manuscript from a wider perspective.
The article surveys six (6) individual units on parchment in their entirety, five of which appear to be fragments of the Four Gospels, while the sixth one represents the fragment of the Psalms (N Fr.194, Fr.224, Fr.231, Fr.217, Fr.221, Fr.294) listed in the catalogue of fragmentary manuscripts of the Korneli Kekelidze Georgian National Centre of Manuscripts.

Keywords: manuscript, fragment, parchment, structure


The Ideal of “New Youth“ according to David Guramishvili’s Davitiani

The paper is dealing withthe problem of self-discovery in David Guramishvili’s Davitiani.According to the literarywork, youth is perceived as the state of being young, on the one hand, and as a symbol of spiritual rejuvenation of an individual, on the other. David Guramishvili who is willing toembark on his journey of self-discovery seeks to win a reputation for himself for generations to come.In accordance with the biblical instruction,the poet himself aspires towardsthe spiritual rejuvenation in order to have a deep insight into divine truth.

Keywords: Self-awareness,spiritual rejuvenation; youth; primal cause / the source


Hyperbolization of The Knight in the Panther’s Skin in the Context of Medieval Thought

The proposed article deals with the hyperbolized conduct of characters in Rustaveli’s poem, The Knight in the Panther’s Skin. The discussion will be carried out directly in the context of the historical period, medieval thought and worldview which, we believe, will allow us to draw interesting conclusions. Such an approach to the subject is a novelty in its own way in the Georgian academic literature.

Keywords: Medieval worldview; miracle; The Knight in the Panther’s Skin; Hyperbolization


Plot-Compositional Interrelations in Translated Hagiography of the Genre of Lives

The paper aims to offer an overview oftranslated hagiographic works of the genre of Lives (namely, Lives of St. Antony the Great, St. Ephrem the Syrian, St. Sabbas the Sanctified, and St. John Chrysostom)from the plot-compositional perspective, on the basis of the parallels existing between them, to identify similar ordifferentcompositionalclichéd elements.

Keywords: plot, composition, translatedhagiography, the genre ofLives


John Donne’s “The Relic”, as an Example of English “Metaphysical” Poetry

The purpose of the following work is to find and analyze characteristics typical to metaphysical wit in John Donne’s love poem “The Relic”. The poem is the perfect example of forced connection of conflicting ideas and images which expresses John Donne’s interest in similarity between physical and “metaphysical” worlds. Problems that John Donne discusses in his poetry are everlasting and are still interesting for the modern reader.

Keywords: metaphysical wit, paradox, voluptuous love, platonic love, John Donne


Imagism and Peculiarities of its Reception in the Georgian Literary World

The present paper looks into a Modernist movement – Imagism – which existed in Western literature for no more than a few years, but made a profound impact on its development.  However, it made no influence, whatsoever, on its contemporary Georgian literary scene. This paper gives an overview of the reception of Imagism in Georgian literary studies and translations.  It discusses the aesthetics of Imagism and peculiarities of its creation.  It briefly describes Georgian translations of the works of one of its founders and inspirers: Ezra Loomis Pound. 

Keywords: Image, Imagism, Verse libre, translation, Modernism


The Expression of Gratitude in Social Networks and Virtual Correspondence (On the Material of English and Georgian Languages)

The paper focuses on the verbal and non-verbal means of expressing gratitude in e-mail communication and social networks. The key fields of research for the given paper are pragmatics and socio-linguistics. The theoretical basis embraces the functions of language, speech act theory, politeness theory and cultural studies. The scientific novelty of the given research is that the expression of gratitude has been studied with regard to modern communication channels. Besides, gratitude is viewed as a representation of the expressive and phatic functions of language. Gratitude is studied from the viewpoint of politeness and is considered a Face-saving strategy. The utterances related to gratitude are viewed as speech acts belonging to the groups of “Behabitives“ and “Expressives”. The empirical material is obtained from the virtual data, namely, the most popular social network – Facebook. The analysis embraces letters sent by e-mail, messages in personal chat, timeline posts and comments. Research outcomes might be of interest for linguists interested in pragmatics, sociolinguistics, speech acts, functions of language, speech etiquette and politeness theory. 

Keywords: gratitude, social networks, politeness, speech acts, face-saving strategies.


Distribution of Fricative Phonemes in Abkhaz (According to The Abkhaz National Corpus)

The article deals with the identification of the distributive-statistical pattern of fricative phonemes in the Abkhaz language. The research has been carried out on the basis of the Abkhaz National Corpus. This type of research is a novelty in the study of the issues in Abkhaz phonetics and phonology and it aims at employing the corpus research for a thorough study of the above-mentioned topic.

Keywords: phoneme distribution, corpus research, Abkhaz language, fricatives


The linguistic means of expressing ideology and power in political discourse (Using the examples of speeches delivered by Zviad Gamsakhurdia and Giorgi Margvelashvili)

Based on the model described by N. Fairclough, this article deals with the linguistic analysis of official speeches of 2 Georgian presidents, in particular, of the congratulatory speeches delivered by Zviad Gamsakhurdia and Giorgi Margvelashvili, the first and fourth presidents of Georgia at the New Year’s Eve and military tattoos on May 26, speeches made by Gamsakhurdia in exile. (1 hourand15 minutes, 8500 words). While analyzing these data, particular attention is paid to the linguistic markers through which both presidents express and justify their approaches to certain events and ideology, and gain or maintain public support.

Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis, ideology, power


Comparative Analysis of Byron's Lyrics and Mose Karchava's Translations

The work deals with a prominent Georgian translator of many important works from the English language - Mose Karchava and his translations. The researcher reviews the biography of the polyglot (which has not been studied yet) and translations of Byron's lyrics, discusses the method used by the translator, the English-Georgian correspondences, and the artistic features ...

Keywords: Byron, translation, Mose Karchava, lyrics.


Literary Translation and Philological Research It Involves (Based on the Georgian and Russian translations of a poem by Edgar Poe)

This article offers comparative analysis of the Georgian (including my own) and Russian translations of the poem To Helen by Edgar Poe. The analysis is aimed at revealing whether all the categories of information conveyed by the original as well as its style, figurative language, the pattern of rhymes and melody were adequately transferred in the mentioned translations. 

Keywords: poetic translation, interpretation, allusions, macrocontext.